Alternate Formula One

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Alternate Formula One
F1-new.png
Category Open-Wheel
Country/Region Worldwide
Founder(s) Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA)
Inaugural Season 1950
Engine supplier(s) Flag of Germany svg.png BMW
Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari
Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Judd
Flag of Germany svg.png Mercedes
Flag of Japan svg.png Toyota
Tyre supplier(s) Bridgestone Icon.png
Records
Driver's Champion Flag of Russia svg.png Artem Markelov
Constructor's Champion Flag of Germany svg.png Precision-Mercedes
Motorsport current event.svg.png Current season


Formula One is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel motor racing sanctioned by the FIA. The series is currently operated by the FIA-run Formula Committee - having seized control of the championship from the former rights holder Formula One Management in 2020.

History

In Europe, the outbreak of World War II in 1939 brought about a hiatus in European motor racing. Following the conclusion of hostilities races, or Grands Prix, were once again being held, but each Grand Prix was contested in it's own right and did not form part of an over-arching World Championship. By 1950, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile decided to award World Championship status to the six most prestigious Grands Prix taking place each year. Initially, only European events were deemed worthy of World Championship status, with the Indianapolis 500 being added to the calendar in an attempt to garner American interest in Grand Prix motor racing.

The inaugural world championship, won by Giuseppe Farina for the Alfa Romeo team, was a roaring success. Subsequently, interest in Grand Prix motor racing exploded, with the calendar swelling to encompass 11 global events by 1958. In addition to the World Driver's Championship, a World Constructor's Championship for manufacturers and a World Entrant's Championships for car owners were added by 1952.

Motorsport historians have categorised the history of the sport into seven distinct chapters, or eras:

Era Start End Description
1 Tubular Era 1950  ???? Named for the steel tubes that formed the sub-frames of the cars of the era
2 Garagiste Era  ????  ???? Named for the demise of the manufacturer teams of the Tubular Era and the rise of independent, privateer teams
3 Turbo Era 1976 1986 Named for the introduction of turbocharged engine technology into the sport
4 Revolutionary Era 1987 1997 Named for the sweeping changes that occurred in all aspects of the sport during the era
5 Manufacturer Era 1998 2009 Named for the manufacturer teams that once again dominated the sport
6 Two-Race Era 2010 2019 Named for the shake-up in the format by the FIA which saw events hold two shorter Grands Prix instead of the traditional one
7 Hydrogen Era 2020 Present Named for the introduction of radical Hydrogen Fuel Cell technology into the sport by the FIA.

Circuits

Main article: List of Formula One circuits

National Championships

Series Location Inaugural Season Final Season
Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png British Formula One United Kingdom 1978

List of champions

World Drivers' Championship

Season Driver Team Wins Podiums Points % Points Era
1950 Flag of Italy svg.png Giuseppe Farina Flag of Italy svg.png Alfa Romeo SpA 3 3 24 38.10% Tubular Era
1951 Flag of Italy svg.png Giuseppe Farina Flag of Italy svg.png Alfa Romeo SpA 1 5 25.5 40.97%
1952 Flag of Thailand svg.png B. Bira Flag of France svg.png Motorsport Bleu 3 3 30 33.33%
1953 Flag of the United States svg.png Tony Bettenhausen Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 1 5 27 33.33%
1954 Flag of Thailand svg.png B. Bira Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 1 7 45 55.56%
1955 Flag of Australia svg.png Jack Brabham Flag of Italy svg.png Alfa Romeo SpA 2 2 18 28.57%
1956 Flag of Australia svg.png Jack Brabham Flag of France svg.png Alexander Racing Team-Gordini 3 3 27 30.00%
1957 Flag of Australia svg.png Jack Brabham Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png British Commonwealth Motorsport Association 4 5 42 42.42%
1958 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Peter Collins Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 3 6 44 44.44%
1959 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1960-1974 unknown
1975 Flag of Austria svg.png Niki Lauda Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari  ?  ?  ?  ? Garagiste Era
1976 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 svg.png Jody Scheckter Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 4 9 69 47.92% Turbo Era
1977 Flag of the United States svg.png Mario Andretti Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 3 9 68 44.44%
1978 Flag of the United States svg.png Mario Andretti Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 5 10 75 52.08%
1979 Flag of Australia svg.png Alan Jones Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Saudia Williams Racing Team 5 9 73
1980 Flag of Australia svg.png Alan Jones Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Saudia Williams Racing Team 5 11 79 51.68%
1981 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1982 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1983 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 '0.00%
1984 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1985 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1986 Flag of France svg.png Guillaume Gauthier Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon Williams Honda Team  ?  ?  ?  ?
1987 Flag of Austria svg.png Gerhard Berger Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Marlboro McLaren International 4 5 47 32.64% Revolutionary Era
1988 Flag of France svg.png Jérémy-Étienne Voeckler Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 5 11 77 54.86%
1989 Flag of Brazil svg.png Ayrton Senna Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC 5 10 73 50.69%
1990 Flag of Austria svg.png Gerhard Berger Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 4 11 77 53.47%
1991 Flag of the United States svg.png Brendon Cassidy Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 9 11 95 57.58%
1992 Flag of France svg.png Alain Prost Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon Williams Team 9 12 109 64.12%
1993 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Chris Dagnall Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon Williams 8 11 96 60.00%
1994 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1995 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1996 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1997 Flag of Canada svg.png Jacques Villeneuve Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Rothmans Williams Renault  ?  ?  ?  ?
1998 Flag of Finland svg.png Mika Häkkinen Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png West McLaren Mercedes 8 12 102 63.75% Manufacturer Era
1999 Flag of Germany svg.png Michael Schumacher Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 3 10 68 42.50%
2000 Flag of Germany svg.png Michael Schumacher Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 7 13 98 54.44%
2001 Flag of Germany svg.png Ralf Schumacher Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png BMW WilliamsF1 Team 5 8 72 42.35%
2002 Flag of Germany svg.png Michael Schumacher Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 12 15 136 80.00%
2003 Flag of Australia svg.png Rhys Davies Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png BMW WilliamsF1 Team 2 9 87 54.38%
2004 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png James James Davies Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 4 7 70 63.64%
2005 Flag of Spain svg.png Fernando Alonso Flag of France svg.png Mild Seven Renault F1 Team 3 9 92 46.00%
2006 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png James James Davies Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 11 18 166 83.00%
2007 Flag of Australia svg.png Daniel Melrose Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber F1 Team 7 11 112 56.00%
2008 Flag of Australia svg.png Daniel Melrose Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber F1 Team 5 14 130 59.09%
2009 Flag of Australia svg.png Daniel Melrose Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber F1 Team 6 9 100 45.45%
2010 Flag of Australia svg.png Daniel Melrose Flag of Germany svg.png Petronas Mercedes Team Europe 9 20 471 52.33% Two-Race Era
2011 Flag of Poland svg.png Robert Kubica Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 6 14 364 40.44%
2012 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Lewis Hamilton Flag of Austria svg.png Red Bull Racing 4 14 357 39.67%
2013 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png James James Davies Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 12 15 417 46.33%
2014 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png James James Davies Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png DHL Brabham Racing Organisation 5 15 414 43.58%
2015 Flag of Australia svg.png Daniel Ricciardo Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Marlboro McLaren Hyundai 11 21 527.5 55.53%
2016 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Lewis Hamilton Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png ING WilliamsF1 7 20 552 58.11%
2017 Flag of Germany svg.png Sebastian Vettel Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Caterham F1 Team 17 28 701 73.79%
2018 Flag of Germany svg.png Sebastian Vettel Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Caterham F1 Team 10 26 356 55.11%
2019 Flag of Venezuela svg.png Pastor Maldonado Flag of Switzerland svg.png British Airways Sauber F1 Team 13 22 333 58.42%
2020 Flag of Spain svg.png Diego Álvarez Torrente Flag of Germany svg.png TRILUX AMG Precision Motorsport 6 10 140 45.53% Hydrogen Era
2021 Flag of Russia svg.png Artem Markelov Flag of Russia svg.png Aeroflot BR Mansell Engineering 4 10 158 56.94%
2022 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
Italics denote a season currently ongoing.

World Constructors Championship

Season Constructor Entry Wins Podiums Points % Points Era
1950 Not Awarded Tubular Era
1951 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 4 9 50 N/A
1952 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 5 8 47 N/A
1953 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Aston Martin-Jaguar Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 3 13 50 N/A
1954 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Aston Martin-Jaguar Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 4 12 60 N/A
1955 Flag of Italy svg.png Alfa Romeo Flag of Italy svg.png Alfa Romeo SpA 2 4 28 N/A
1956 Flag of France svg.png Gordini Flag of France svg.png Alexander Racing Team-Gordini 5 7 47 N/A
1957 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png British Commonwealth Motorsport Association 5 11 65 N/A
1958 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 5 14 71 N/A
1959 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1960-1975 unknown Garagiste Era
1976 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Ford Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Marlboro Team McLaren 7 15 116 48.33% Turbo Era
1977 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Lotus-Ford Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 4 15 112 43.92%
1978 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Lotus-Ford Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 6 16 114 47.50%
1979 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Ford Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Saudia Williams Racing Team 8 14 123 51.25%
1980 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1981 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1982 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1983 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1984 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1985 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1986 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1987 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Honda Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Marlboro McLaren International 6 12 92 38.33% Revolutionary Era
1988 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Honda Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 10 22 163 67.92%
1989 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC 8 18 129 53.75%
1990 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Honda Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 7 19 137 57.08%
1991 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Honda Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Honda Marlboro McLaren 14 21 171 64.77%
1992 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Renault Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon Williams Team 13 24 196 72.06%
1993 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Renault Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon Williams 11 20 162 63.28%
1994 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1995 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1996 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1997 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
1998 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Mercedes Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png West McLaren Mercedes 11 20 161 62.89% Manufacturer Era
1999 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 7 15 126 49.22%
2000 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png McLaren-Mercedes Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png West McLaren Mercedes 5 19 136 47.22%
2001 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-BMW Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png BMW WilliamsF1 Team 7 19 134 49.26%
2002 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 14 24 202 74.26%
2003 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 3 12 148 51.39%
2004 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 8 14 134 83.75%
2005 Flag of France svg.png Renault Flag of France svg.png Mild Seven Renault F1 Team 6 18 183 50.83%
2006 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 11 24 237 65.83%
2007 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 8 21 216 60.00%
2008 Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber F1 Team 6 18 205 53.95%
2009 Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber Flag of Germany svg.png BMW Sauber F1 Team 6 16 165 43.42%
2010 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 8 23 727 46.96% Two-Race Era
2011 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 14 29 760 49.10%
2012 Flag of Switzerland svg.png Sauber-Ferrari Flag of Switzerland svg.png Sauber F1 Team 9 19 586 37.86%
2013 Flag of Italy svg.png Ferrari Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro 17 30 781 50.45%
2014 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Mercedes Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Canon WilliamsF1 12 30 775 47.43%
2015 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Mercedes Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png ING WilliamsF1 Mercedes 13 41 986 61.97%
2016 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Williams-Peugeot Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png ING WilliamsF1 12 31 952 58.26%
2017 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Caterham-Judd Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Caterham F1 Team 23 43 1122 72.48%
2018 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Caterham-Judd Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png n-tv Caterham F1 Team 23 47 704 63.88%
2019 Flag of Switzerland svg.png Sauber-Judd Flag of Switzerland svg.png British Airways Sauber F1 Team 15 40 637 62.09%
2020 Flag of Germany svg.png Precision-Mercedes Flag of Germany svg.png TRILUX AMG Precision Motorsport 14 20 275 49.68% Hydrogen Era
2021 Flag of Germany svg.png Precision-Mercedes Flag of Germany svg.png TRILUX AMG Precision Motorsport 6 14 263 52.65%
2022 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0 0.00%
Italics denote a season currently ongoing.

World Entrants' Championship

Season Entrant Wins Podiums Points
1950 Not Awarded
1951 Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 4 7 42
1952 Flag of France svg.png Motorsport Bleu 4 5 41
1953 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 3 12 50
1954 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Jaguar-Aston Martin Racing 4 11 56
1955 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png B.C.M.A. 1 5 28
1956 Flag of France svg.png Alexander Racing Team-Gordini 5 7 47
1957 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png British Commonwealth Motorsport Association 5 11 65
1958 Flag of Italy svg.png Scuderia Ferrari 5 14 71
1959-1975 unknown
1976 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png Marlboro Team McLaren 7 15 116
1977 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 5 15 112
1978 Flag of the United Kingdom svg.png John Player Team Lotus 6 16 114
1979 Flag of Unknown svg.png TBD Season yet to start 0 0 0
The World Entrants' Championship was discontinued from 1980 onwards